Minimum hourly rate for PAs

A pile of coins and bank notes on top of a payslip

Each year, the Scottish Government sets the minimum hourly rate of pay for Personal Assistants who support adults.

The minimum rate of pay for Personal Assistants is £12 an hour from April 2024.

Before April 2024 the minimum rate was £10.90 an hour.

The £12 an hour rate applies to all hours worked, including sleepover hours.

If a Personal Assistant is already paid more than £12 an hour, local councils have been instructed that they should use the funding which has enabled this uplift, to increase Direct Payments paid to Employers. This will allow Employers to increase their PAs’ wages above £12 an hour.

Who does the minimum rate apply to?

A PA is eligible for the minimum rate if they are directly employed by the adult receiving social care support, or the person who is acting on behalf of the adult receiving the support.

To be eligible for the minimum rate, the funding for the PA’s wages needs to come from either a Local Authority through Option 1 of Self-directed Support, or from the Independent Living Fund Scotland.

The minimum rate of pay only applies to PAs who support adults. PAs who support children are not included in the minimum rate.

Likewise, PAs who are employed privately by their employer (rather than through funding from the Local Authority or Independent Living Fund) are not included in the minimum rate of pay. In both instances, these PAs should still be paid at least the National Living Wage. This is £11.44 for people aged 21 and over, from April 2024.

When will the uplift to the minimum rate for PAs be applied?

The £12 rate should apply for hours worked from 1st April 2024. The Scottish Government have said it may take a short time for the change to filter through to all employers.

Local Authorities and ILF Scotland have written to PA employers to advise them of the change.

What should a PA employer do if they haven’t received increased funding to pay the minimum rate?

PA employers should contact their Local Authority or ILF Scotland.

What should a PA do if they aren’t being paid the minimum rate?

PAs should speak to their employer to ensure they are paid the minimum rate of £12 an hour for all hours worked.

Part of
Last Updated
03 April 2024
First Published
28 March 2023
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Please note that the information contained in this Handbook is provided for guidance purposes only. Every reasonable effort is made to make the information accurate and up to date, but no responsibility for its accuracy and correctness, or for any consequences of relying on it, is assumed by Self Directed Support Scotland or any other contributing party.

The information does not, and is not intended to, amount to legal advice. You are strongly advised to obtain specific, personal and professional advice from a lawyer about employment law matters, or an accountant/ tax specialist about taxation matters, and from HMRC and your insurers. You should not rely solely on the information in this Handbook. Support organisations listed in this Handbook can help you find appropriate sources of advice.